The following is an explanation of the most relative dynamic visual skills associated with boxing.

Anticipation Timing

Since timing is the key to effective perfomance, knowing the right time to throw a punch is very crucial. It is also important not to over-commit yourself in response to an opponent's feints.


It is essential to be able to focus through distraction and maintain a high level of concentration throughout the bout, not allowing crowd noise, flashing lights or an opponent's taunting to be a distraction from the task at hand. A slight deficiency or lapse in concentration can mean mental or physical error, which could mean the loss of a bout- or worse- injury

Depth Perception

The ability to deliver an effective blow is much more complicated than it may appear to the casual observer. It involves a snapping and twisting motion that makes it necessary to determine the exact distance of an opponent in order to deliver the blow with maximum power. 

Eye-Hand/Body/Foot Coordination

Total coordination is essential to the maintenance of good balance. Fighters, therefore, have an obvious need to integrate a sense of balance with the visual motor system. Eye-Hand coordination is also one of the keys to landing effective punches within the scoring range.

Eye Fatigue

Boxing is a very fatiguing sport, especially when both fighters are evenly matched in weight, skills, and conditioning. Professional bouts for championships can go 15 three-minute rounds. With only a one-minute rest between rounds, physical fatigue is guaranteed. This drain of energy can greatly affect concentration, visual reaction time and eye-hand coordination. Eye fatigue can also affect performance levels in much the same way. When the muscles in our eyes feel tired or strained, we feel the fatigue all over. Just as we use weight lifting routines to improve physical endurance levels, we can also use a program of visual exercises to enhance your eye muscles, and thereby reduce fatigue.


"Float like a butterfly, sting like a bee. The hands can't hit what the eyes can't see."

- Muhammad Ali

Eye Motility

Eye tracking ability is important for a boxer if he plans to hit a moving opponent who is not only bobbing and weaving in front of him, but around the ring as well. Quick, accurate saccades (or eye movements) are needed to center in on the moving target's vulnerable areas.

Peripheral Vision and Awareness

This is helpful to a boxer on both defense and in his attack. Most boxer’s soft center is their opponent’s upper torso to chin area while being peripherally aware of both glove and body movement. When peripheral vision is reduced or hindered by a cut or mouse on the orbit of the eye, the boxer is in greater danger of further injury because he can't see the blows coming (especially hooks) to defend against them. It is also imperative for the boxer to always know where he is in the ring relative to the ropes, the other boxer, and the referee, and he can' t take his eyes off the opponent to determine this, even for an instant.

Speed of Recognition

The faster a boxer can discern a feint (fake) from a real incoming punch of a certain type (hook, jab, uppercut, etc.), the more time he has to parry the blow and even perhaps counterpunch.


The process of visualizing a specific opponent, or the particular style of an opponent (shadowboxing), and visually rehearsing every type of punch, combination, and defense, can dramatically improve overall performance.


©2019, Dynamic Visual Skills for Sports, International Sports Vision Association and DeAnn Fitzgerald, OD.